Many people often confuse the terms “dental plaque” and “dental plaque”.Here we will mention the difference between them and some tips you can take to avoid improving the health of your mouth.

What are the differences between plaque and tartar?

Plaque (dentobacterial) is a bacterial accumulation that arises as a result of the interaction between the oral environment and the bacterial flora, this accumulation is located on the dental surface and between the teeth, is composed of communities of bacteria. This yellowish deposit forms quickly on the teeth and can be removed with pressurized water. It is important to brush your teeth three times a day and floss to avoid plaque.

Tartar or calculus are mineralized deposits that form on teeth and other solid areas of the oral cavity.  The accumulation of salts such as calcium and folfate in the bacterial plaque forms tartar. The high tartar concentration makes the removal of plaque and bacteria more complicated. The dental calculus is difficult to remove so it requires the intervention of a professional to remove any accumulation of tartar on the teeth. As we age, tartar tends to occur more often.

What problems can tartar cause?

Excessive tartar build-up leads to major dental problems

Caries– It is a deterioration or a hole in the teeth caused by the abundance of tartar, damaging the dental enamel.

Gingivitis– is the inflammation of the gums that, when not treated, can cause periodontal disease. The main cause is plaque and tartar. If a correct hygiene is not carried out, toxic substances are produced that irritate the tissue.

Periodontitis – It can present as inflammation or infection of the gums that damage the soft tissue. It can cause teeth to loosen or fall out easily. It is caused by not treating gingivitis in time.

What can I do to prevent tartar?

  •         Daily hygiene is the best key to preventing tartar, stopping plaque build-up on teeth.  It is necessary to have a correct routine to eliminate tartar. A proper toothbrush is the first stage, remember to brush all areas of the mouth, including the gums, tongue and palate. You can use your favorite toothpaste, use a brush that fits the shape of your mouth. The second stage is flossing the cavities between your teeth. Finally, use mouthwashes to help eliminate bacteria from your mouth.
  •         Avoid foods– Try to eliminate any food that contains a high level of sugar or those with chewing gum consistency as they are the most difficult to remove.
  •         Professional Assistance– Periodic visits to the dentist will allow you to avoid the accumulation of plaque and tartar on the teeth, as well as to prevent and treat oral diseases.

What is the professional tartar removal procedure?

The patient must go to the dentist for an oral cleaning as it is the only method that allows the elimination of tartar. For this procedure does not require the application of anesthesia, only an instrument that cleans the tartar from the dental enamel and that which is in the gum line.  It begins with “scraping” the areas where tartar is present and then polishing the teeth to give it a smoother appearance and for the removal of stains.

Although there are ways to avoid plaque and tartar, it is always necessary to go to a dentist for the total elimination of these two elements, avoiding more harmful problems to health. Good oral hygiene will be an essential key to maintaining healthy teeth. Since nine out of every 10 Mexicans suffer dental problems, according to the IMSS, always get advice from professionals who will ensure you a good job so that you get the results you are looking for. We recommend you look for dentist in Tijuana since this city is characterized by having specialists in the area.